Ayurveda is the oldest system of medicine originated in the Indian subcontinent about 5000 years ago. It is a holistic approach to medical science and it combines profound thoughts of medicine and Philosophy. It is the science of life and longevity. According to Ayurveda, suppressing of natural urges leads to imbalance in the body. Yet, in another concept it also focuses on moderation of one’s urges.
It is unique, indispensable branch of science and medicine, a completely naturalistic system that depends on diagnosis of the human body based on the body humors termed as vata, pitta and kapha.
Ayurveda was originated from the central philosophies of the Vedas although later on the concepts were borrowed from Buddhism and Jainism. There are eight branches of Ayurveda, each dealing with different medication fields. Out of eight, two are dealing with surgery and surgical methods. One of such earliest Ayurvedic texts were obtained from Charaka Samhita And Shushruta Samhita. Charaka and Shushruta are two significant doctors from India. They wrote wrote about medicinal preparations and surgical procedures.
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Ayurvedic practices include usage of herbal medicines, mineral or metal supplements, surgical techniques, opium, apply of oil by massages. Modern Ayurveda is considered pseudoscience and it is slightly different from mainstream Ayurveda. Ayurveda emphasizes attaining vitality by building healthy metabolism maintaining good digestion and excretion. Ayurveda focuses on yoga and meditation. It follows the concept of dinacharya or daily cycle of activities. There are several external factors used for diagnosis of illnesses in Ayurveda. Vision, urine, stool, etc are examined.
In India and nearby countries such as Nepal and Sri Lanka, it is still highly practised. It is natural and thus have minimum or zero side effects.