Biography Essay / Paragraph / Note

Jawaharlal Nehru Essay, Speech, Paragraph, Composition, Short Note




Jawaharlal Nehru Essay, Speech, Paragraph, Composition, Short Note

1st Prime Minister of India
In office
15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964
MonarchGeorge VI
(until 26 January 1950)
PresidentRajendra Prasad
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Governor GeneralEarl Mountbatten of Burma
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
(until 26 January 1950)
DeputyVallabhbhai Patel
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byGulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Minister of Defence
In office
31 October 1962 – 14 November 1962
Preceded byV. K. Krishna Menon
Succeeded byYashwantrao Chavan
In office
30 January 1957 – 17 April 1957
Preceded byKailash Nath Katju
Succeeded byV. K. Krishna Menon
In office
10 February 1953 – 10 January 1955
Preceded byN. Gopalaswami Ayyangar
Succeeded byKailash Nath Katju
Minister of Finance
In office
13 February 1958 – 13 March 1958
Preceded byTiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar
Succeeded byMorarji Desai
In office
24 July 1956 – 30 August 1956
Preceded byChintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh
Succeeded byTiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar
Minister of External Affairs
In office
2 September 1946 – 27 May 1964
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byGulzarilal Nanda
Vice President of Executive Council
In office
2 September 1946 – 15 August 1947
Personal details
Born14 November 1889
Allahabad, United Provinces, British India
(now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
Died27 May 1964 (aged 74)
New Delhi, India
Cause of deathHeart attack
Resting placeShantivan
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Kamala Nehru (m. 1916;d. 1936)
RelationsSee Nehru–Gandhi family
ChildrenIndira Gandhi
ParentsMotilal Nehru
Swaruprani Thussu
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Inns of Court
Occupation
  • Barrister
  • writer
  • politician
Awards Bharat Ratna (1955)
SignatureJawaharlal Nehru Signature Image

Jawaharlal Nehru Introduction (Jawaharlal Nehru Biography)

Jawaharlal Nehru : Essay , Speech On Jawaharlal Nehru : Jawaharlal Nehru  was the son of Motilal Nehru  and Swaroopiani. He was born in Allahabad on November 14, 1889. He was the first Prime Minister of Independent India. He grew up in an influential political family, his father being a lawyer and prominent in the Nationalist Movement. He was born rich and thus his Childhood was privilege; he was tutored at home and then studied in England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was admitted to English Bar and returned to India very westernized.He enrolled himself in Allahabad court as a lawyer. He married Kamala Kaul in year 1916. And in 1917 their only child Indira was born.

Jawaharlal Nehru met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 at an Indian National Congress party meeting. From then on, their lives were entwined, though they differed on several points, largely because of Nehru’s international outlook clashed with Gandhi’s simple Indian outlooks and views.

Jawaharlal Nehru Essay, Speech, Paragraph, Composition, Short Note

Jawaharlal Nehru Essay, Speech, Paragraph, Composition, Short Note

Jawaharlal Nehru in Politics

In 1919 when he overheard General Dyer gloating over the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he vowed to fight the British. Regardless of the criticism, he was one of the most influential leaders in freedom struggle. He was the pioneering articulators of Asian resurgence and an unusually idealistic advocate of consciences in International politics.

During his life time, he went through the variety of individual and collective reactions- to be adored as a revolutionary and vibrant personification of the forward looking spirit of India, to be described as a pampered young man who unintentionally acquired the national leadership due to influence of his father and the nepotism of Mahatma Gandhi.

Read Also : Essay On Sardar Patel | Speech On Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

He is admired as the leader of freedom movement, as the father of institutional democracy and as an architect of Indian policy. After World War II he participated in the negotiations that eventually created the separate states of India and Pakistan, a partition of Indian subcontinent between Hindus and Muslims that Gandhi refused to accept. When independence came on Aug. 15, 1947, Nehru became Prime Minister of India, leading his country through the difficult transition period. Nehru had to cope with the influx of Hindu refugees from Pakistan, the problem of integrating the princely states into the new federal structure, and war with Pakistan (1948) over Kashmir and with China (1962).

Conclusion : Speech on Jawaharlal Nehru

In International affairs he pursues a policy of strict nonalignment, a difficult course in the cold- war years; his neutralism broke down, however, when he asked for western aid during the Sino-Indian conflict. In January 1964, he suffered a stroke. He died four months later. Nehru was the author of many books, including an autobiography, Toward Freedom (1941). He had a great love for children and therefore his birthday started to be called as Children’s Day. Children called him Chachaji.

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