Food Security : Essay, Article, Speech, Paragraph, Composition
Food security means the situation in which people of all backgrounds at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dieter needs and food preferences for an active and healthy lifestyle.When it comes to the issue of food security in India, it is important because more than one third of the population is poor and children are malnourished according to some statistics. India have varying climatic and economic conditions all over the country. Therefore the matter of food security have to be taken into account very properly and with a proper plan. There are four main dimensions of food security: Availability, Access, utilization, stability.
The first step towards food security is to make proper and sufficient availability of food to meet the demands of the population. Food have to be sufficiently available for distribution to the public. Now there are many challenges against the availability of food grains in India. First of all farming is becoming a non viable occupation. Due to increase in population, agrarian areas are occupied for housing and other activities. Further scope for increase in net sown area is limited. Environmental conditions like depletion in soil fertility, erosion and water logging also creates hindrance in smooth running of the agricultural activities. Decline in surface irrigation rate and decrease in level of ground water by overuse are also one of the factors for decreased productivity. There is a great disparity in production of crops between rain fed and irrigated areas. Farm sizes are shrinking too. So first of all it is important that the agricultural sector is taken into account seriously. Developing this sector is the backbone of the country . Most of people involved in agriculture, unless they are helped by the government to be gainfully working, the economic conditions will not improve. Distribution of proper high yielding varieties of seeds, proper assistance in fertilizers and manure usage, improving the handling of harvested crops and storing them in safe and dry place will ensure proper availability till a great extent. The green revolution and yellow revolution were two such schemes taken by the government to ensure food security. The cost of food grains per quint should be improved too so that the farmers do not give up their occupation to do something easier and also to earn more money. Buffer stocks must be build up by the government more to provide food security.
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Now when it comes to making those food grains available, its the duty of public distribution systems. They should be setup more in number by also keeping in mind that those stocks are not leaked unscrupulously. Till now we talked about only food grains like rice and wheat. Pulses , vegetables and fruits are also a thing that gets included when discussing food security. Perishable food like tomatoes and all can be gainfully processed into sauces. Actually food processing industries should also be an initiative to be taken into account. Food factories provide employment both upstream and downstream. That is; both traders and farmers are benefited and in the factory the workers are also getting chance to be employed.There is sometimes surplus of production of those perishable items. So, even after meeting demands in the market, the rest gets wasted. And moreover poor people who cannot afford them without money, don’t get them for free also. Those could have been successfully processed into some packed food and preserved. Those could have been sold to other parts also. It is not surprising that the system of food production till that food reaches our plates is very cumbersome. Stores have surplus stock lying unused and degrading while so much of the population is malnourished. So first of all public distribution systems must be increased and there must be measures to check corruption in illegal selling of those stock at other markets. Farmers must be given chance to profit more by delivering proper yield . Seasonal unavailability of food must be checked by releasing food grains from government buffer stock . And safe transportation must be ensured when transporting food grains from one places to another. Prices must be in control and proper subsidies must be provided to the poor.
- Essay on Food Security in India
- Paragraph on Food Security in India
- Short Note on Food Security in India
- Need For Food Security in India
- Importance of Food Security